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Physical & Health Education

What is PHE?









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What is PHE?

EFPS incorporates the Health Education into the Physical Education curriculum, known as Physical & Health Education (PHE). Learning in physical and health education is integrated so as to make connections between the various elements of the program such as active living, movement competence, healthy living, and life skills provide the foundation for health and physical literacy and for lifelong healthy, active living. This revised physical and health education curriculum is based on the vision that the knowledge and skills acquired in the program will benefit students throughout their lives and help them to thrive in an ever-changing world by enabling them to acquire physical and health literacy and to develop the comprehension, capacity, and commitment needed to lead healthy, active lives and to promote healthy, active living.

Therefore, while teaching pupils sports and movement skills, PHE teachers incorporate impactful health and nutrition lessons into their PE lessons. This integration offers pupils a unique opportunity for kinesthetic learning – they learn about healthy, active living primarily through physical activity. In PHE, pupils discover the joy of movement, learn about their bodies, and develop physical and cognitive skills that will contribute to their lifelong health and well-being.


Physical & Health Education (PHE) plays an important role in the physical growth and development of students. Through PE, students acquire the knowledge, skills, right attitudes and values towards the pursuit of a lifelong physically active and healthy lifestyle. It also provides an avenue for students to express themselves through movement and physical activity.

Physical activity is the cornerstone of the PHE programme. The PHED aims that the PHE programme should be enjoyable and provide opportunities for students to develop a positive association with physical activity.  Through PHE, students are given the opportunity to participate in a variety of physical activities such as sports and games and acquire the concepts and skills that will enable them to participate in these sports and games both for leisure and competition.

In addition, PHE provides a natural platform and valuable opportunities to develop self-management skills, social and co-operative skills, and build character. It serves to complement other educational areas in promoting the desired outcomes of education. In particular, PHE helps to cultivate healthy habits, teamwork, resilience and resolve.


It is the vision that each student will be physically educated by the time he/she leaves school. To be a physically educated student, each child should: 

  • Understand the importance and benefits of physical activity; 
  • Enjoy and actively participate in a variety of physical activities; 
  • Demonstrate positive personal/social character traits such as fairplay, teamwork and sportsmanship in a variety of physical activities;
  • Develop and maintain both health-related fitness: cardio-respiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility and body composition; and performance-related fitness: agility, co-ordination and balance; and
  • Play safely with respect to self and others.


To achieve the vision of a physically educated student, the PE syllabus aims to:

Develop students’ motor and games skills and equip them with the knowledge, skills and attitudes to pursue and enjoy a physically active and healthy lifestyle.


The school’s PE programme seek to develop in each student the ability to:

1 Perform and enjoy a variety of physical activities with understanding

A balanced PE programme comprising concepts and skills development are necessary to lay a strong foundation for participation in daily activities, intra-mural games and recreational pursuits. Developing proficiency in physical activities helps students to channel their desire for play into constructive outcomes. Their interests will be extended as they attain a broader range of movement skills and concepts from which they can derive greater satisfaction.

2 Develop and maintain physical health and fitness through regular participation in physical activities

Physical health and fitness enable students to carry out their daily tasks with vigour, and still leave them with sufficient energy to pursue and enjoy leisure activities. A high level of physical health and fitness usually indicates optimum physical and mental well-being. Students with abundant vitality are often physically and mentally alert, and socially well-adjusted.  Hence physical well-being helps to promote the academic attainment of students. A long-term objective of the PE programme is to enable students to maintain a good level of fitness throughout their lives.

3 Demonstrate positive self-esteem through body awareness and control

Body awareness and control are developed through movement activities where students use their bodies to express their ideas, attitudes and emotions.  Through these movement experiences, they learn about their abilities and limitations.  This knowledge is vital in the motor skill acquisition and the development of positive self-esteem.

4 Understand and apply thinking skills to PE

The PE programme provides students with opportunities to engage in decision-making and problem-solving situations. Such opportunities help students to develop thinking skills such as organising and evaluating; focusing and remembering; generating and integrating; inferring and analysing; decision-making; and creative problem solving.

5 Demonstrate the spirit of fair play, teamwork and sportsmanship

Opportunities for interaction during PE lessons serve to develop in students social qualities such as courtesy, sportsmanship, co-operation, teamwork, loyalty and consideration for others.  Some competitive sports and games may create emotionally charged situations.  Under such circumstances, students should be taught to manage their emotions and express themselves in socially acceptable ways.  Teachers are in an excellent position to help students discover the difference between acceptable and unacceptable sports behaviours.

6 Acquire safe practices during physical activities

Safe practices are fundamental to the participation and enjoyment of physical activity.  Students should also be made aware of the common sense safety rules and considerations to reduce potentially dangerous or threatening situations.  This will enable students to play safely and acquire an awareness of safety with respect to themselves and others.


Primary Level


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The lower primary level focuses on fundamental movements, educational gymnastics and movement which develop students’ psychomotor skills, control and co-ordination. These will lay the foundations for further learning of more advanced psychomotor skills, sports and games.

The upper primary level focuses on further development and refinement of fundamental movements and psychomotor skills through a broad range of physical activities such as educational gymnastics, games, dance and athletics. In games, students will be introduced to basic games concepts approach (GCA).